Dating ceramic artifacts
During the Middle Ages, trade through the Silk Road allowed for the introduction and diffusion of porcelain throughout Islamic countries first and later in Europe, due in large part to the journeys of Marco Polo.
By the 15th century the earliest blast furnaces were developed in Europe, capable of reaching up to 1,500°C.
CERAMIC BOTTLES and JARS, first appeared in China about 18 000 BCE, there were used to carry water and preserve food.
Once humans discovered that clay could be found in abundance and formed into objects by first mixing with water and then firing, a key industry was born.The oldest known ceramic artifact is dated as early as 28,000 BCE (BCE = Before Common Era), during the late Paleolithic period.It is a statuette of a woman, named the Venus of Dolní Věstonice, from a small prehistoric settlement near Brno, in the Czech Republic.However, it was not until 1,500 BCE that Egyptians started building factories to create glassware for ointments and oils.
One of the first breakthroughs in the fabrication of ceramics was the invention of the wheel, in 3,500 BCE.
Use of ceramics bottles and jars increased dramatically during the Neolithic period, with the establishment of settled communities dedicated to agriculture and farming.